A molar pregnancy occurs when the placenta and foetus do not develop. This means that the pregnancy is unsuccessful and the foetus will not develop into a baby. The placenta is made up of millions of cells called trophoblastic cells and it is these cells which behave abnormally in a molar pregnancy. These abnormal cells create masses which begin to form in the womb instead of developing into a baby. These are called ‘moles’ which is Latin for lump or mass. They usually occur when an egg with no genetic information is fertilised by a sperm. They are very rare, with only between 1 and 3 pregnancies in every 1000 being molar. Get into pregnancypillowadvisors website to have better ideas.
When a woman is experiencing a molar pregnancy she may not have any idea that anything is wrong. The symptoms of pregnancy that she will be experiencing would be the same as if she had a normal pregnancy. The first indication that anything is wrong will usually be at the first ultrasound scan when the sonographer will be able to see immediately that there is no baby growing in the womb. This can be a distressing time for the parents who may have had no other indication that there was a problem with the baby.
The mole will usually need to be removed by a surgical extraction that will be performed by a gynaecologist. If a woman is sure that they don’t want any other children, then she could be given a hysterectomy and the mole will be removed with the womb. If the mole is removed surgically then some cells will remain in the womb. For most women these cells will simply die off over the time and they may have to undergo regular blood and urine tests to make sure that this is the case.
Some women may find that these cells do not die out and this is known as persistent trophoblastic disease. The tests that they submit will pick this up quite quickly and it can usually be successfully treated with chemotherapy.